Pagina:Zibaldone di pensieri VII.djvu/387

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378 pensieri (4444-4445)

trasportate ed applicate ad un’altra; ma quelle eziandio d’una nazione medesima, cambiati i nomi delle persone, e le circostanze di luogo, tempo, e simili, furono sovente trasportate e applicate da un’epoca della sua storia ad un’altra. Questa cosa è notata negli Annali di Roma dal Niebuhr in piú e piú casi; ed egli ripete tale osservazione in piú e piú luoghi della sua storia. Fra gli altri, sezione intitolata The War with Porsenna, p. 484 seg., dice: It is a peculiarity of the Roman annals, owing to the barren invention of their authors, to repeat the same incidents on different occasions, and that too more than once. Thus the history of Porsenna’s war reflects the image of that with Veii in the year (di Roma) 277, which after the misfortune on the Cremera brought Rome to the brink of destruction. In this again the Veientines made themselves masters of the Janiculum; and in a more intelligible manner, after a victory in the field: here again the city was saved by a Horatius (come dal Coclite nella guerra con Porsenna); the consul who arrived  (4445) with his army at the critical moment by forced marches from the land of the Volscians: the victors, encamping on the Janiculum, sent out foraging parties across the river and laid waste the country; until some skirmishes, which again took place by the temple of Hope and at the Colline gate, checked their depredations: yet a severe famine arose within the city (26 gennaio 1829).

*    Niebuhr, ib., sezione intitolata The Patrician Houses and the Curies, p. 268. Each house (ciascuno dei γένη gentes nei quali era anticamente distribuito il popolo ateniese) bore a peculiar name resembling a patronymic in form; as the Codrids, the Eumolpids, the Butads: which produces an appearance, but a fallacious one, of a family affinity (perché quelle gentes, come appresso i Romani, erano una mera divisione