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JEAN-FRANCOIS BERGIER, "FROM THE ALPINE PASSAGE TO THE ALPINE AREA"
The foundation of the International Society for Historical Alpine Research is the fruit of a long process of maturing that took place in the course of more than 20 years of numerous meetings and publications. Nevertheless one can still count survey studies on the fingers of one hand. Indirectly this foundation also pays tribute to Fernand Braudel, a profound expert on the mountain range that, to his way of thinking, formed a space complementary to the seas. The society will quite directly contribute to the overcoming of regional, historiographical and linguistic obstacles by simplifying access to the extant literature. For a long time the mountains were looked upon by historians as an obstacle or, at best a stretch of the route. At present the perspectives are changing. The Alps are no longer looked upon as a transitory passage, but as a livingspace in the true sense of the word.
RENÉ FAVIER, "THE HISTORY OF THE ALPS IN FRANCE. A SURVEY OF WORKS AND RESEARCH DIRECTIONS"
This brief panorama of historical research on the Alps in France is divided into three parts. The first indicates the plenitude of scholarly and research publications and periodicals. The second, more essential, part attempts to go over contemporary research, both in the sphere of archaeology (with classification according to periods: pre-history, proto-history, history) and that of history. It contains especially a short, thematically arranged presentation of the most important dissertations produced during the past ten years in French universities (on agrarian history, urban history, ecclesiastical history, industrial history). The third part is devoted to the various research groups taken up with the alpine world. Most of them derive from Grenoble, but also to be stressed is the originality and significance of the groups from Nice (especially in archaeology) and in Aix-en-Provence.